The Max Planck Society and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research dedicate the new research project MaxSynBio to Synthetic Biology. Research groups from nine Max Planck Institutes across Germany, as well as the Department of Theology of the Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, are involved. The project started on 1st of August 2014 and will run initially until the end of July 2017 with the option of an extension for additional three years. The scientific coordinators of the project are Prof. Dr.-Ing. Kai Sundmacher (MPI for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Magdeburg) and Prof. Dr. Petra Schwille (MPI for Biochemistry, Martinsried).