Like engineering, synthetic biology involves building new biological systems from units and modules. Scientists have already produced organisms that make drugs or biofuels, and have pieced together a synthetic organism using only genetic data. In collaboration with other fields, synthetic biology could transform biotechnology and generate useful insights into the foundations of life.
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Seong-Min Jo, Frederik Wurm, and Katharina Landfester, "Enzyme‐loaded nanoreactors enable the continuous regeneration of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide in artificial metabolisms," Angewandte Chemie International Edition (2021).